Bio Diversity of Sri Lanka – The Astonishing Array of Life on the Island

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Sri Lanka is easily one of the world’s most biologically diverse tropical islands, and is the only place in the world where you can find both the biggest land animal as well as the largest sea animal.

Bernard Gagnon, Semnopithecus priam, CC BY-SA 3.0

Introduction to Biodiversity

This refers to the range of life forms to be found and includes plants, animals and even microscopic organisms within a specific environment or ecosystem. There are three levels of biodiversity that are necessary to maintain ecological diversity and these are genetic, species and eco systems diversity respectively.

Genetic Diversity

This refers to the diversity of genes within a particular species. It investigates the different versions of a particular gene within different species. For example, although all humans are part of the same species, people from different countries have very unique characteristics, ranging from African individuals to Chinese ones.

Species Diversity

This concerns the different kinds of living organisms on the planet that are found within various ecosystems. It is quite simply the number of different kinds of species found in a particular. Sri Lanka ranks quite highly in this regard and is the reason behind many people travelling to Sri Lanka and why many entities such as Aitken Spence Travels have nature-themed packages.

Biodiversity in Sri Lanka

So far the island has 4000 varieties of plants, 140 kinds of mammals, 107 species of fish, 174 kinds of reptiles and 435 species of birds.

Auburn Silver is a travel writer who has a passion for fashion and a deep interest in admiring new and exotic attractions around the world. Google+

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