Machu Picchu – The Lost City of the Incas

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The fabled city of Incas; the Machu Picchu is a historic UNESCO world heritage site and happens to be one of the most spectacular among the 7 wonders of the world. Located high up in the Andes of Peru is a site that is a reminder of an empire which flourished and thrived over 500 years ago.

Time for a History Lesson

machu picchu

Archaeologists believe that this was constructed as an estate in the 15th century by emperor Pachacuti. The Machu Picchu was believed to be an estate built for the emperor and often mistaken to the Lost City of the Incas. The City was abandoned in 1550 due to the Spanish conquest. The forgotten city was rediscovered in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham.

iew of Hiram Bingham III standing atop a jungle bridge at Espiritu Pampa in Peru
Bingham (upper right) with a local guide on a jungle bridge at Espiritu Pampa in Peru | By Harry Ward Foote [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

The ancient population and their lively hood

It was found that there were around 750 lived here. The population included noblemen priests and specialized workers whose main task was to look after the emperor. Their lively hood was based on the fact of keeping their emperor healthy and keeping him entertained. There is evidence which suggests that agriculture was also a part of the livelihood of the people lived here.

The Site today

Peru Inca Ancient America Machu Picchu City South
Peru Inca Ancient America Machu Picchu City South | Maxpixel

The historic site today is one of the top vacation destinations in Peru and a protected world heritage site. The Citadel has divided into two; the agricultural area, and the urban section. The agricultural are consist of terraces that were used to cultivate various crops and the urban section has the ruins of the buildings.

The Experience

inca trail hiking

Built at the top of Huayna Picchu Mountains; this one of the sites which offer visitors spectacular panoramic views of the ruins and the surroundings. Machu Picchu is undoubtedly one of the best cultural holiday destinations. Being a recommended destination by The Vacation Gateway a visit here is a truly remarkable experience.

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Catalina Forbes is a travel writer who bases her content on many thrilling escapades experienced across the world. Google+

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