A landmark which is of immense historic value is the Al Baleed Archeological Park. Situated in Oman’s Dhofar Province, in close proximity to Al Baleed Resort Salalah by Anantara, Al Baleed was one of the first major port-cities in Oman. The Al Baleed Archeological Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2000 and is well worth visiting while staying at a beach resort Salalah.
A Port of Great Significance
As per historic records, the port of Al Baleed was one of the most important ports in Oman around the 11th and 12th Centuries. The port connected the east with the west, and was an important port in the trade routes of the traders of the ancient world, and this is further evidenced by the presence of numerous artifacts of Chinese, Middle Eastern, and South Asian origin being found at this ancient port.
Decrease in Prosperity
Although the port city of Al Baleed was heavily fortified, the port was attacked by invaders and pirates, resulting in a significant decrease in the reputation of Al Baleed being a secure port for trade. Already weakened by attacks, by the turn of the 13th Century, the port-city was dealt its death blow when the European powers drew up now trade routes to the exclusion of Al Baleed.
The Al Baleed Archeological Park
Nevertheless, Al Baleed continues to be one of the premier archeological sites of Oman. The port-city was, thus, converted into an archeological park which was intended to preserve the ruins of this once proud city, and encourage education and knowledge of the history of Al Baleed. At the park, you will see numerous stone ruins, as well as piles of rock which only bear a mere vestige of city’s former glory. A major highlight at the Al Baleed Archeological Park is the ruins of what has been regarded as a large court mosque which had over 148 pillars, and many of the remains of these mighty stone pillars are there even today.
Fritzjames Stephen is a travel writer, who writes content based on the myriad of experiences and indulgences that the world has to offer travellers across all walks of life. Google+