History has it that the square was initially built by Dutch East Indies government and was used as a parade and a ceremonial square. In the British rule the square was named as Koningsplein and later on was named as Lapangan Ikada and now as The Merdeka Square. The great ruler Sukarno delivered his Indonesian independence and anti-colonialism / imperialism speech in this square.
Walking around the vastly laid out span of the square, you would see that it is divided into four parts and each carries its own significance whilst the National Monument is situated in the centre. In the North Park you can find the road to that leads to the National Monument and also the statue of Diponegoro riding a horse. The statues speak volumes about the pride and the history that Indonesia holds. When you go along to the West Park you will find the dancing illuminated fountain which holds shows with music every weekend nights. You will see the statue of Kartini the heroine of Indonesian women towards the East Park and the spotted deer park towards the southeast corner. Even though the square holds places of significance it does not prevent people from coming in and having a good time. Colorful kites, family picnics, jogging, cycling, relaxing is a common site to the traveler who passes by the square.
The Merdeka Square is also important because some of the main government bodies are situated around the square. Merdeka Palace, Supreme Court of Justice, Ministry of Internal Affairs, and National Gallery of Indonesia are some of the places that you will see when passing the Square.
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Jayani Senanayake is a writer who dabbles in travel and all things exotic. Under the pseudonym of Calliope Sage, she writes of the allures that must simply be discovered. Google+